- Open Technologies for an Open World
Open Standards, Open Source, Open Mind
Standards Organizations, Bibliography
Appendix A. The Open book
Appendix B. Standards Organizations
Some of the most important organizations that participate with standard definitions, studies, analysis and control of the Internet protocols, names and addresses are :
§ World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) - Created in October 1994, the W3C develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential. W3C is a forum for information, commerce, communication, and collective understanding.
§ The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) - The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.
§ Internet Activities Board (IAB) - Created in September 1984, IAB is a technical advisory group of the Internet Society, who discuss issues pertinent to the Internet and set Internet policies through decisions and task forces. The IAB designates some Request For Comments (RFC) documents as Internet standards, including Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). The IAB provides advice to the IESG on working group formation and the architectural implications of the IETF working group efforts.
§ Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) - The IESG is the standards approval board for the IETF. It is responsible for technical management of IETF activities and the Internet standards process, administering the process according to the rules and procedures that have been ratified by the ISOC Trustees. The IESG ratifies or corrects the output from the IETF's Working Groups, gets WGs started and finished, and makes sure that non-WG drafts that are about to become RFCs are correct.
§ The Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) - Its mission is to promote research of importance to the evolution of the future Internet by creating focused, long-term and small Research Groups working on topics related to Internet protocols, applications, architecture and technology. The Research Groups are expected to have the stable long term (with respect to the lifetime of the Research Group) membership needed to promote the development of research collaboration and teamwork in exploring research issues. Participation is by individual contributors, rather than by representatives of organizations.
§ Internet Society (ISOC) - Brought into existence in January 1992, the Internet Society is a professional membership organization of Internet experts that comments on policies and practices additionally to overseeing a number of other boards and task forces dealing with network policy issues.
§ Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) - Based at ICANN, IANA is in charge of all "unique parameters" on the Internet, including IP (Internet Protocol) addresses.
§ The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) - ICANN is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions.
§ International Organization for Standardization (ISO) - ISO is an international standards organization responsible for a wide range of standards, including many that are relevant to networking. Its best-known contribution is the development of the OSI reference model and the OSI protocol suite.
§ American National Standards Institute (ANSI) - Founded in October 1918, ANSI - which is also a member of the ISO - is the coordinating body for voluntary standards groups within the United States. ANSI developed the Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) and other communications standards.
§ European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) - Created in 1989, ETSI plays a major role in developing a wide range of standards and other technical documentation as Europe's contribution to worldwide standardization in telecommunications, broadcasting and information technology. Its prime objective is to support global harmonization by providing a forum in which all the key players can contribute actively. It tries to compensate ANSI's influence and it developed the standards Euro-RNIS and GSM.
§ Electronic Industries Association (EIA)-EIA specifies electrical transmission standards, including those used in networking. The EIA developed the widely used EIA/TIA-232 standard (formerly known as RS-232).
§ Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) - Founded in 1963, the IEEE is a non-profit, technical professional association of more than 377,000 individual members in 150 countries, which defines networking and other standards. The IEEE developed the widely used LAN standards IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.5.
§ International Telecommunication Union (ITU) - Founded on 17 May 1865, the ITU - headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland - is an international organization within the United Nations System where governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services.
§ ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) - It is one of the three Sectors of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). It was created on 1 March 1993, replacing the former International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT) whose origins go back to 1865. Its mission is to ensure an efficient and on-time production of high quality standards covering all fields of telecommunications.
§ Object Management Group (OMG) - The OMG was founded in April 1989 by eleven companies and in October 1989, it began independent operations as a not-for-profit corporation, including in 2002 about 800 members. The OMG was formed to create a component-based software marketplace by hastening the introduction of standardized object software. The organization's charter includes the establishment of industry guidelines and detailed object management specifications to provide a common framework for application development.
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All the photos are © 2002 Joyce Binder.
Appendix D. Bibliography
The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture
The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture
The Hacker Ethic and the Spirit of the Information Age
Open Sources - Voices from the Open Source Revolution
The Cathedral and the Bazaar
Economie de l'information
Qu'est-ce que le virtuel
L'intelligence collective : pour une anthropologie du cyberspace
The Age of Spiritual Machines
MySQL et PHP
Internet-Enabled Business Intelligence
Exploring IBM zSeries and S/390 Servers
Operating Systems Handbook
UNIX as a second language
The Road Ahead
Le hold-up planétaire: La face cachée de Microsoft
The Virtual Community
Sexe, Mensonges et Internet
Internet, et après ?
Computer Science : an overview
Software Development: Past, Present and Future - Trends and Tools
Technologies du multimédia, des télécommunications
et de l'Internet
Information paper - Internet Domain Name System Basics
XML in practice
The XML files
Peer to peer: from technology to politics to a new civilisation?
e*conomy - The Experience economy
WIRED - January 2003
WIRED - January 2003
The Evolution of High-End Servers
The Evolution of the Unix Time-sharing System
Perspective: Moving beyond creative cloning
BSD Operating Systems: Perspective
A Condensed History of Personal Computing
Windows Desktop Operating Systems
Windows Server Operating Systems
Internetworking Technology Handbook
DNS - Introduction
Standards and Specifications List
RFC 1336 - Who's Who in the Internet
RFC 2026 - The Internet Standards Process - Revision 3
RFC 3160 - The TAO of IETF
History of ARPANET
How the Internet Really Works
Computer Networking: Global Infrastructure for the 21st Century
The Internet After the Fad
Cramming more components onto integrated circuits
The Third Place
The future of networking
From Partial to Systemic Globalization: International Production Networks
in the Electronics Industry
The Matrix: Computer Networks and Conferencing Systems Worldwide
The Future of Networking
The Identity Wars
New computer chip: useful tool or privacy invasion?
Intel Nixes Chip-Tracking ID
Intel on Privacy: 'Whoops!'
HTTP State Management Mechanism
Worldwide Linux Operating Environments Forecast, 2002-2006: Client
Shipments Pick Up the Pace
Open Standards - Definition
Deciphering the open-source war
More Than a Gigabuck: Estimating GNU/Linux's Size
Counting potatoes: The size of Debian 2.2
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server to Linux Comparison
A strategic comparison of Windows vs. Unix
Linux vs. Windows - Total Cost of Ownership Comparison
Unilever moves to Linux for savings
Morgan Stanley turns to Linux
"Fixer une frontière à l'open source"
Un décret pro-logiciels libres jugé 'inopportun' et
Retired Microsoft man issues Linux warning
Linux plus cher que Windows
Clear-cut choices in battle over Web services
What's Next: The Future of Web Services
What are XML Web Services?
How to Get .NET
Defining the Basic Elements of .NET
What Is .NET?
Microsoft® Host Integration Server 2000 Product Overview
WEB SERVICES AND OPEN SOURCE
LAMP Lights the Way to Web Services for Financial Reports Firm
XML and the Second-Generation Web
Introduction to OMG's Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UML 2001: A standardization Odissey
Extreme Programming and Open Source Software
Study: Big companies save big from open source
Seminars & Commercial Presentations
Open Source and Free Software
Intel and Linux
SAS and Linux
Oracle and Linux
SAP and Linux
HP and Linux
IBM and Linux
High Availability Solutions for Linux
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